I’m not sure how many authors have noticed that the PLR rate is increasing from 6.66 pence to 7.67 pence per library loan from February 2016. Any increase, even one so minimal, is welcome. However there have been few changes in the PLR scheme since its inception, and the Society of Authors is currently lobbying for improvements in the scheme. You can see the SOA response plus a link to the letter here http://www.societyofauthors.org/soa-news/soa-letter-future-plr which addresses some concerns and offers suggestions.
Some of the issues being addressed by the Society of Authors include concerns about the exclusion of volunteer-run libraries, library cuts, audiobooks, and ebooks. However, I have had a long standing concern about the sampling method used to assess PLR payments.
To start with, perhaps I should clarify what PLR is. PLR is short for Public Lending Right. Until fairly recently PLR funding was managed by the Registrar of Public Lending Right, but from 1 October 2013 the UK PLR office became part of the British Library.
On the British Library website, it says, “Public Lending Right (PLR) is the right for authors to receive payment for the loans of their books by public libraries.”
This is governed by legislation, and payment is made from government funds. In order to be eligible for inclusion in the PLR scheme, authors are required to register, but that is easily done either by post or online at the British Library website. You will find the conditions for registration on this link as well as a downloadable application form http://www.plr.uk.com/registrationservice/apply.htm
However, it is not enough to have your books available for loan in a library, because the PLR system works on the basis of statistics taken from a sample number of libraries. So, if your books are not available in any of the sample libraries, then your income will be nothing, irrespective of how popular your books are in other libraries. Now, I’m afraid this is where I have to admit that my understanding of statistics is abysmal. I have a creative brain rather than a logical mathematical one, so you can understand why statistics remain a mystery. So I will quote what the web site says “Payments are made annually on the basis of loans data collected from a sample of public libraries in the
This sounds simple enough but when they mention how they gross-up the loans, I
am lost. The best I can do is quote again, “Because PLR loans are derived from
a representative sample of library authorities, a grossing up calculation is
applied to the actual loans at the end of each PLR reporting year, in order to
provide a national estimate of loans for the whole of the UK and Ireland.”
There must also be a calculation taken from previous data as well because when
I checked whether my own books were in the sample set of libraries for Scotland, I was
not surprised to find that none of them were stocked. However I did get a small
payment for Dead Wood, despite the fact it was not in the Scottish set of sample
libraries. This must have been calculated from a previous sample set of
libraries. The payment, however, was only half the amount of previous years.
|My PLR earnings for 2012 to 2013|
To look further at book loans data. This is collected over a twelve month period, from 1 July to 30 June. For the purposes of this article I am looking at payments based on the year July 2012 to June 2013, which was when I did the research for this article. The payment for each loan at that time was the massive sum of 6.2 pence per loan, and a librarian friend told me that on average a reader will keep a book for a month so that would work out at twelve loans per year. During that year I had 79 loans in Angus libraries for my two non-earning books (Angus loan figures do not include Dead Wood), and as previously mentioned I got the grand sum of £8.18 for Dead Wood which originated from a library in Wales, otherwise this book would also have earned no PLR. I’m still pondering what to spend my Dead Wood PLR earnings on. I wonder if it would buy me a ream of paper?
I did wonder why, in this technological age, the PLR system was based on statistical sampling, rather than collecting information from all libraries, but according to them it would be impracticable and expensive to do this, although I don’t quite see the rationale for this given the vast improvements in technology. However, the size of the sample has improved over the years, apparently starting off with 16 individual library branches in 1982, to 30 library authorities, with approximately 1,000 individual branches.
For the purposes of PLR the country is divided up into regions into which library authorities are grouped. Each grouping may include between two to four different library authorities. The libraries included for sampling have to be public libraries operating as part of the statutory library service, provided by local authorities. Community libraries and those set up by independent groups are not included.
There are nine PLR sample regions in
England, one in Scotland,
one in Wales and one in Northern Ireland.
The current English PLR regions are East, London,
North East, North West & Merseyside, South East, South West, West Midlands, Yorkshire & The Humber. The majority
of these regions cover several library authorities with London having the majority listed under
London Libraries Consortium. Scotland
is a single PLR region, and because I live in Scotland I was interested in which
library authorities were included. The grouping is, Edinburgh, Highland, Midlothian,
and North Lanarkshire. Wales,
also a single PLR region has three local authorities included. But the one I
found most interesting was Northern Ireland,
because the whole of Northern
Ireland is included in the sample. If you
want to check the authorities included for 2015-2016 you can do so here http://www.plr.uk.com/libraryInformation/current.htm
I checked back on previous years, and discovered the last time Angus (my library authority) was included was the PLR sample year 1996-97. Gulp, that was 19 years ago, and now that the libraries have become a trust in Angus it is unlikely it will ever be included again. Edinburgh and Glasgow are featured fairly regularly, although unlike
London, they are not included every year.
Here is the archive of sample authorities from 1982 to 2013 http://www.plr.uk.com/libraryInformation/sampleLibraryArchiveIndex.htm
That begs the question – how often do they change the sample authorities? Well, according to the web site, at least seven of the library authorities are replaced each year, and no authority can stay in the sample longer than four years.
So there you have it. If you are lucky enough to live in one of the sampling authorities and the libraries in that authority stock your books, then you will get PLR payments. However, if like me, the reverse is the case, then I reckon you should not count on PLR as part of your writing income.
But in conclusion, if you were to ask me whether it is beneficial to register for PLR in the knowledge you may get nothing, then my answer would be yes. You see, if an author does not register then this reduces the amount of authors on the PLR database, and who knows whether a future decision might be that these payments are no longer necessary, and as a result, the scheme will be scrapped. So, I would encourage you to register.
Before I go, can I just say that if you like a specific writer’s books and want to support them, then please put a request into your local library for their books, irrespective of whether you have the paperback or kindle version already. It will get the books onto the library shelves, and hopefully they will be included in a sample, sooner or later. After all, every little £8.18 helps! I’m off to check the price of computer paper now, I might just have enough to pay for a couple of reams if I’m lucky, but certainly not for a full box!
NB. At the time of doing the research I had three books in print. I now have six books in print, and the situation is still the same, only one book, Dead Wood, ever makes any PLR. Oh, and before I forget, the amount I earn decreases every year despite the rise in borrowing rates. My payment for 2015 was £6.19.